Febr. Basketball Regeln - das sollten Sie wissen Das Spiel besteht aus 4 Vierteln, je 10 Minuten bzw. bei der NBA sind die Viertel 12 Minuten lang. picturing-paradise.eu stellt die wichtigsten Regeln zur Baskeball-Bundesliga vor und gibt eine Auskunft über alles Wissenswirte rund um die Korbjäger. Apr. Alle Spiele werden von einem offiziellen Schiedsrichter der NBA Basketball Challenge geleitet. Ihr müsst keine Fouls ansagen – das.
When winter weather got too icy to play football, teams were taken indoors, and it was convenient to have them split in half and play basketball with five on each side.
By — teams of five became standard. However, other amateur sports clubs, colleges, and professional clubs quickly filled the void.
The first pro league, the National Basketball League, was formed in to protect players from exploitation and to promote a less rough game.
This league only lasted five years. James Naismith was instrumental in establishing college basketball. On February 9, , the first intercollegiate 5-on-5 game was played at Hamline University between Hamline and the School of Agriculture, which was affiliated with the University of Minnesota.
McGill won 9—7 in overtime; the score was 7—7 at the end of regulation play, and a ten-minute overtime period settled the outcome. A good turnout of spectators watched the game.
College basketball was rocked by gambling scandals from to , when dozens of players from top teams were implicated in match fixing and point shaving.
Before widespread school district consolidation, most American high schools were far smaller than their present-day counterparts. During the first decades of the 20th century, basketball quickly became the ideal interscholastic sport due to its modest equipment and personnel requirements.
In the days before widespread television coverage of professional and college sports, the popularity of high school basketball was unrivaled in many parts of America.
Today virtually every high school in the United States fields a basketball team in varsity competition. In the —17 season, , boys and girls represented their schools in interscholastic basketball competition, according to the National Federation of State High School Associations.
There is currently no tournament to determine a national high school champion. The most serious effort was the National Interscholastic Basketball Tournament at the University of Chicago from to The event was organized by Amos Alonzo Stagg and sent invitations to state champion teams.
The tournament started out as a mostly Midwest affair but grew. In it had 29 state champions. Faced with opposition from the National Federation of State High School Associations and North Central Association of Colleges and Schools that bore a threat of the schools losing their accreditation the last tournament was in The organizations said they were concerned that the tournament was being used to recruit professional players from the prep ranks.
The basis for the champion dwindled after when Brown v. Board of Education began an integration of schools. The last tournaments were held at Alabama State College from to Teams abounded throughout the s.
Players jumped from team to team and teams played in armories and smoky dance halls. Leagues came and went. Barnstorming squads such as the Original Celtics and two all-African American teams, the New York Renaissance Five "Rens" and the still existing Harlem Globetrotters played up to two hundred games a year on their national tours.
By the s, basketball had become a major college sport, thus paving the way for a growth of interest in professional basketball.
In , a basketball hall of fame was founded in Springfield , Massachusetts, site of the first game. Its rosters include the names of great players, coaches, referees and people who have contributed significantly to the development of the game.
The hall of fame has people who have accomplished many goals in their career in basketball. Today the NBA is the top professional basketball league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries, talent, and level of competition.
As of the —19 season, the G League has 27 teams. At this time, the organization only oversaw amateur players. The United States defeated Canada in the first final, played outdoors.
This competition has usually been dominated by the United States, whose team has won all but three titles. The first of these came in a controversial final game in Munich in against the Soviet Union, in which the ending of the game was replayed three times until the Soviet Union finally came out on top.
Prior to the Summer Olympics , only European and South American teams were allowed to field professionals in the Olympics. In the Athens Olympics , the United States suffered its first Olympic loss while using professional players, falling to Puerto Rico in a point loss and Lithuania in group games, and being eliminated in the semifinals by Argentina.
It eventually won the bronze medal defeating Lithuania, finishing behind Argentina and Italy. Worldwide, basketball tournaments are held for boys and girls of all age levels.
The global popularity of the sport is reflected in the nationalities represented in the NBA. Players from all six inhabited continents currently play in the NBA.
It was founded as a "rebellion" of several teams from the now-defunct Manila Industrial and Commercial Athletic Association, which was tightly controlled by the Basketball Association of the Philippines now defunct , the then-FIBA recognized national association.
The league commenced in , playing a winter season April—September and did so until the completion of the 20th season in The —99 season, which commenced only months later, was the first season after the shift to the current summer season format October—April.
It features 8 teams from around Australia and one in New Zealand. Shortly after she was hired at Smith, she went to Naismith to learn more about the game.
By , the game had spread to colleges across the country, including Wellesley , Vassar , and Bryn Mawr. Stanford women played Berkeley , 9-on-9, ending in a 2—1 Stanford victory.
The Grads toured all over North America, and were exceptionally successful. They posted a record of wins and only 20 losses over that span, as they met any team that wanted to challenge them, funding their tours from gate receipts.
The WNBA has been looked at by many as a niche league. However, the league has recently taken steps forward. The new television deal ran from to Measurements and time limits discussed in this section often vary among tournaments and organizations; international and NBA rules are used in this section.
An attempt to score in this way is called a shot. A successful shot is worth two points, or three points if it is taken from beyond the three-point arc 6.
The time allowed is actual playing time; the clock is stopped while the play is not active. Therefore, games generally take much longer to complete than the allotted game time, typically about two hours.
Five players from each team may be on the court at one time. Teams also have a coach, who oversees the development and strategies of the team, and other team personnel such as assistant coaches, managers, statisticians, doctors and trainers.
Players wear high-top sneakers that provide extra ankle support. A limited number of time-outs, clock stoppages requested by a coach or sometimes mandated in the NBA for a short meeting with the players, are allowed.
They generally last no longer than one minute seconds in the NBA unless, for televised games, a commercial break is needed.
The game is controlled by the officials consisting of the referee referred to as crew chief in the NBA , one or two umpires referred to as referees in the NBA and the table officials.
For college, the NBA, and many high schools, there are a total of three referees on the court. The table officials are responsible for keeping track of each teams scoring, timekeeping, individual and team fouls , player substitutions, team possession arrow , and the shot clock.
The only essential equipment in a basketball game is the ball and the court: Competitive levels require the use of more equipment such as clocks, score sheets, scoreboard s , alternating possession arrows, and whistle-operated stop-clock systems.
A regulation basketball court in international games is At almost all levels of competition, the top of the rim is exactly 10 feet 3.
While variation is possible in the dimensions of the court and backboard, it is considered important for the basket to be of the correct height — a rim that is off by just a few inches can have an adverse effect on shooting.
The size of the basketball is also regulated. For men, the official ball is If women are playing, the official basketball size is The ball may be advanced toward the basket by being shot, passed between players, thrown, tapped, rolled or dribbled bouncing the ball while running.
The ball must stay within the court; the last team to touch the ball before it travels out of bounds forfeits possession.
The ball is out of bounds if it touches a boundary line, or touches any player or object that is out of bounds.
There are limits placed on the steps a player may take without dribbling, which commonly results in an infraction known as traveling.
Nor may a player stop his dribble and then resume dribbling. A dribble that touches both hands is considered stopping the dribble, giving this infraction the name double dribble.
Within a dribble, the player cannot carry the ball by placing his hand on the bottom of the ball; doing so is known as carrying the ball.
A team, once having established ball control in the front half of their court, may not return the ball to the backcourt and be the first to touch it.
A violation of these rules results in loss of possession. The ball may not be kicked, nor be struck with the fist. For the offense, a violation of these rules results in loss of possession; for the defense, most leagues reset the shot clock and the offensive team is given possession of the ball out of bounds.
There are limits imposed on the time taken before progressing the ball past halfway 8 seconds in FIBA and the NBA; 10 seconds in NCAA and high school for both sexes , before attempting a shot 24 seconds in FIBA, the NBA, and U Sports Canadian universities play for both sexes, and 30 seconds in NCAA play for both sexes , holding the ball while closely guarded 5 seconds , and remaining in the restricted area known as the free-throw lane, or the " key " 3 seconds.
These rules are designed to promote more offense. Basket interference , or goaltending is a violation charged when a player illegally interferes with a shot.
This violation is incurred when a player touches the ball on its downward trajectory to the basket, unless it is obvious that the ball has no chance of entering the basket, if a player touches the ball while it is in the rim, or in the area extended upwards from the basket, or if a player reaches through the basket to interfere with the shot.
When a defensive player is charged with goaltending, the basket is awarded. If an offensive player commits the infraction, the basket is cancelled.
In either case possession of the ball is turned over to the defensive team. An attempt to unfairly disadvantage an opponent through certain types of physical contact is illegal and is called a personal foul.
These are most commonly committed by defensive players; however, they can be committed by offensive players as well. Players who are fouled either receive the ball to pass inbounds again, or receive one or more free throws if they are fouled in the act of shooting, depending on whether the shot was successful.
One point is awarded for making a free throw, which is attempted from a line 15 feet 4. The referee is responsible for judging whether contact is illegal, sometimes resulting in controversy.
The calling of fouls can vary between games, leagues and referees. There is a second category of fouls called technical fouls , which may be charged for various rules violations including failure to properly record a player in the scorebook, or for unsportsmanlike conduct.
These infractions result in one or two free throws, which may be taken by any of the five players on the court at the time. Repeated incidents can result in disqualification.
A blatant foul involving physical contact that is either excessive or unnecessary is called an intentional foul flagrant foul in the NBA.
This is called shooting "one-and-one". If a team exceeds 10 fouls in the half, the opposing team is awarded two free throws on all subsequent fouls for the half.
When a team shoots foul shots, the opponents may not interfere with the shooter, nor may they try to regain possession until the last or potentially last free throw is in the air.
After a team has committed a specified number of fouls, the other team is said to be "in the bonus". On scoreboards, this is usually signified with an indicator light reading "Bonus" or "Penalty" with an illuminated directional arrow or dot indicating that team is to receive free throws when fouled by the opposing team.
Some scoreboards also indicate the number of fouls committed. If a team misses the first shot of a two-shot situation, the opposing team must wait for the completion of the second shot before attempting to reclaim possession of the ball and continuing play.
If a player is fouled while attempting a shot and the shot is unsuccessful, the player is awarded a number of free throws equal to the value of the attempted shot.
A player fouled while attempting a regular two-point shot thus receives two shots, and a player fouled while attempting a three-point shot receives three shots.
If a player is fouled while attempting a shot and the shot is successful, typically the player will be awarded one additional free throw for one point.
In combination with a regular shot, this is called a "three-point play" or "four-point play" or more colloquially, an "and one" because of the basket made at the time of the foul 2 or 3 points and the additional free throw 1 point.
Although the rules do not specify any positions whatsoever, they have evolved as part of basketball. In more recent times specific positions evolved, but the current trend, advocated by many top coaches including Mike Krzyzewski is towards positionless basketball, where big guys are free to shoot from outside and dribble if their skill allows it.
Der findes forskellige regler alt efter turnering og organisationen, der arrangerer dem. De nedenfor angivne regler er dem, der spilles efter internationalt, dvs.
FIBAs regler senest opdateret 1. Der er en midtercirkel med 1,80 meter radius til dommerkastet, der starter kampen. Straffekastlinjerne i hver ende af banen er 3,60 meter brede og ligger 5,80 meter fra baglinjen.
Disse linjer, bortset fra baglinjerne, er dele af tresekundsfeltet. Kurven er 45 cm i diameter og pladen er 1,8 x 1,05 meter.
Boldene der anvendes er str. When the normal length is 48 minutes this is the case with the National Basketball Association in the United States a player is accordingly disqualified on his sixth foul.
The first time restriction on possession of the ball was introduced in , where teams were required to advance the ball over the center line within ten seconds of gaining possession.
In the three-second rule was introduced. Kentucky coach Adolph Rupp did not take one of his referees with him, despite being warned of discrepancies in officiating between the Midwest and East by Notre Dame coach George Keogan, and the game became especially rough.
While the rule was originally adopted to reduce roughness in the area between big men, it is now considered to prevent tall offensive players from gaining an advantage by waiting close to the basket.
When the NBA started to allow zone defense in , a three-second rule for defensive players was also introduced. The shot clock was first introduced by the NBA in , to increase the speed of play.
FIBA adopted a second shot clock two years later, resetting the clock when a shot was attempted. The NCAA adopted a second shot clock for men while continuing with the second clock for women in Originally, a missed shot where the shot clock expired while the ball is in the air constituted a violation.
In the rule was changed so that the ball remains live in this situation, as long as it touched the rim. If the ball touches the rim and slightly bounces over the basketball hoop it will be called as a loose ball.
Dribbling was not part of the original game, but was introduced in At the time, a player could only bounce the ball once, and could not shoot after he had dribbled.
The definition of dribbling became the "continuous passage of the ball" in , allowing more than one bounce, and a player who had dribbled was then allowed to shoot.
Running with the ball ceased to be considered a foul in , and became a violation, meaning that the only penalty was loss of possession.
Striking the ball with the fist has also become a violation. From , if a closely guarded player withheld the ball from play for five seconds, play was stopped and resumed with a jump ball; such a situation has since become a violation by the ball-carrier.
Goaltending became a violation in , and offensive goaltending in Free throws were introduced shortly after basketball was invented.
In , the free throw line was officially placed fifteen feet 4. From , players that received a foul were required to shoot their own free throws.
One free throw shot is awarded to a player who was fouled while making a successful field goal attempt. If the field goal attempt is unsuccessful, two free throw shots are awarded three if the player was attempting a three-point field goal.
If an offensive player is fouled while not in the act of shooting, or if a player is fouled in a loose-ball situation, the penalty varies by level of play and the number of fouls accumulated by the opposing team in a given period.